From the greatest fountain of human knowledge ever constructed: Wikipedia.
(All of science is a very close second.)
A version of this situation appears as metastability in digital electronics, when a circuit must decide between two states based on an input that is in itself undefined (neither zero nor one). Metastability becomes a problem if the circuit would take longer time that it should be in this “undecided” state, which is usually set by the speed of the clock the system is running at.(Source)
And by the Curry correspondence, digital systems correspond to “purely” logical/mathematical constructs, and metastable states are analogous to quantum superpositions.
Therefore, a system’s parent clock domain is the ultimate determining factor in how much time any given metastable state has to resolve before causing a… fatal error.
This has implications.